Everything You Need to Know About the Western Shovelnose Snake

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Western Shovelnose Snake – In North America, there are approximately 250 species of snake. Of this number, a single subspecies of snake is native to the continental United States and Canada. The western shovelnose snake is one such example of this subspecies. It is a small snake, with adults ranging from 20 – 30 inches in length (snout-to-vent length), that can be found across the south-central region of the United States.

The western shovelnose snake has an interesting appearance and behavior that makes it unique among other types of snakes. If you are interested in learning more about these reptiles, continue reading for everything you need to know about the western shovelnose snake – its appearance, diet, habitat, life expectancy, mates, and much more!

The western shovelnose snake is a type of nonvenomous, colubrid snake native to the United States and Canada, making it something of an oddity in the snake world.


Snakes are reptiles that have adapted to a variety of different environments. The Western shovelnose snake is a reptile native to North America and is one of the few species that live in both water and on land. This semi-aquatic snake is found primarily in fresh waters such as rivers, creeks, bogs, swamps, lakes, and marshes. It has also been spotted in saltwater marshes as well.

These snakes typically grow up to five feet long but can be shorter or longer depending on where they live. Like most other snakes, they can be solitary creatures or live together in groups called colonies. These colonies consist of males competing for females during the breeding season; usually occurring between March and June.

The Western shovelnose snake’s diet consists mostly of small fish and amphibians like frogs and salamanders. They will also eat insects if there is no other food source available for them.


The western shovel-nose snake is a relatively large colubrid species that can grow as long as 3 feet in length. It is found from southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico eastward through Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. This subspecies prefers moist environments where it can find rodents to feed on.

The western shovel-nose snake gets its name from its snout which looks like a shovel. They are nocturnal animals so they spend their days hiding out under logs or rocks. They are also good swimmers who hunt at night when they have an increased ability to smell their prey.


Western shovelnose snakes are classified as constrictors, meaning they kill prey by wrapping around it and squeezing until it suffocates. The snake will then swallow its prey whole.

When given enough room and food, these snakes can grow up to 4 feet long. They can live up to 15 years in captivity, though their lifespan in the wild is less clear. These snakes will eat anything that moves that’s smaller than themselves. They spend most of their time hunting on land rather than water since they don’t have any fins for swimming.

Western shovelnose snakes don’t like being held, but if you’re going to hold one anyway make sure you wear a thick glove because if the snake bites your hand it could release venom into your bloodstream which would make you sick or even worse kill you!


Western shovelnose snakes are strictly carnivorous and eat a variety of prey including small mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. They will also occasionally consume carrion. These snakes hunt by waiting for their prey to cross paths with them or by stalking and attacking from a distance if they see the opportunity.

A meal can consist of nearly three-quarters of a pound of food for an adult western shovelnose snake. It’s not uncommon for these snakes to eat every day in order to maintain a healthy weight, but this could change depending on where they live as some climates may require less hunting than others.


Western shovelnose snakes live in a wide variety of habitats. They are often found around wetlands, marshes, rivers, and streams. They are also found in forests near creeks and small lakes. These snakes can be found at elevations up to 9,000 feet above sea level and sometimes even higher.

They can be found in mountainous areas all throughout the West Coast of North America. However, it’s rare that they are seen as far east as Colorado or New Mexico. The other region stretches from Utah southward through Arizona, Nevada, and Southern California


The western shovel-nose snake is a venomous snake that lives near rivers and streams in the southwestern United States. This snake has a distinctive shovel-shaped nose, which led to its name. They are usually brown or black with an iridescent stripe down their back. The western shovel-nose snake feeds on fish, frogs, lizards, snakes, and small mammals. Its habitat is shrinking due to the human development of land for housing and other buildings.

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