Top 8 Trending Technologies To Learn In 2024

mrpankajraj2000
14 Min Read
  1. BLOCKCHAIN
    The technology of blockchain is believed to revolutionize the economy of the future and the world soon. It provides a safe and secure mode of transactions by using digital cryptocurrencies that cannot be manipulated by anyone with ulterior motives.
    It is expected that the global economy will be tokenized by a blockchain one day, ushering in a new world and generation of people.
    Blockchain is a digital ledger that securely records transactions. It is used in various industries, from finance to supply chain management.
    With blockchain technology, transactions are immutable and secure, making it difficult for anyone with malicious intent to manipulate them.
    The market capitalization of cryptocurrencies changes almost every day, and new cryptocurrencies are being launched as more and more people are interested in participating in the future of the world.


Popular cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum make use of the blockchain network for transactions, helping users keep track of them as the market capitalizes on cryptocurrencies.
As more and more states and regions embrace Bitcoin and blockchain, the far-right and far-left states are giving way to a new state of the Bitcoin e-commerce region.
Companies like IBM, Microsoft, and JP Morgan Chase are actively hiring blockchain experts. Blockchain professionals can expect an average annual salary of $100,000 in the US and 8 lakh rupees in India.

2.AUGMENTED REALITY(AR) and VIRTUAL REALITY(VR)
AR stands for Augmented Reality, which adds digital content to the real physical world without any difference in overall aspects. It provides real hands-on experience, increasing user knowledge and sharing knowledge and experience without physical hindrances like distance. It helps professionals visualize their final products without developing or producing them, making it a useful tool for designing and modeling.AR technology is not equipped with strong security policies, making it vulnerable to hacking and manipulation.

VR stands for Virtual Reality, where users immerse themselves in a specifically designed or simulated environment for a specific purpose. It makes processes easy and comfortable, eliminating the need for natural elements and boundaries which allows users to experience things without any boundaries in a 360-degree environment. VR also ensures privacy and avoids misuse of user information. The technology is still in its early stages, making it feel not easy to use and interact with virtual environments and this software takes up a lot of space and requires a lot of computing power.

VR requires compatible devices like a headset and it is completely virtual, while AR is accessible right from smartphones. Apart from AR and VR, there are other reality technologies like MR (Mixed Reality) and XR (Extended Reality). MR combines holographic models with real-world scenarios, while XR is a combination of AR, VR, and MR technologies.AR and VR technologies are revolutionizing immersive experiences in gaming, education, and medical training. Leading companies like Facebook, Google, and Oculus are actively recruiting AR and VR specialists. Professionals in this field can earn an average annual salary of $95,000 in the US and 6 lakh rupees in India.

3. INTERNET OF THINGS(IOT)
IoT is a system of interrelated devices connected to the internet to transfer and receive data from one to another. It refers to the network of physical devices, vehicles, appliances, and other objects embedded with sensors, software, and connectivity to exchange data over the Internet. The main goal of IoT is to enable these devices to collect and share data, making them “smart” and capable of interacting with each other without direct human intervention. The objective of IoT is just to make these components smart so that they will be able to exchange data automatically without any assistance from humans. IoT connects everyday objects to the internet, making them smart and capable of sharing data. Companies like Amazon, Apple, and Google are actively seeking IoT experts. IoT professionals can earn an average annual salary of $130,000 in the US and 7 lakh rupees in India.

4.MACHINE LEARNING
Machine learning is the science of programming machines to think and act like humans without being specifically programmed to. We already use machine learning in our daily lives without knowing it – email spam recognition, spell check, and even the YouTube video recommendation that brought you here are implemented using machine learning. Machine learning involves training machines to learn from past data, understand, and reason. It is more than just learning as it involves the prediction and classification of new data. Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence, which is a science concerned with imparting human-like intelligence onto machines and creating machines that can sense, reason, act, and adapt.

Machine learning is used in healthcare, sentiment analysis, fraud detection in finance predicting customer churn in eCommerce, surge pricing in the transportation sector, and many more.
Machine learning algorithms learn from data and make predictions without explicit programming. Machine learning is leading us to a future where machines can learn and think, and has opened us a whole new plethora of job opportunities. Tech giants like Google, Amazon, and Microsoft are continuously hiring machine learning experts. Professionals in this field can earn an average annual salary of $150,000 in the US and 10 lakh rupees in India.

5.CYBER SECURITY
Cyber security is a process, design, and architecture created to protect networks and devices from attacks, damage, or unauthorized access. Its main goal is to safeguard businesses and individuals from cyber criminals.
Implementing cyber security measures helps protect businesses from hackers, resulting in increased productivity and confidence. It inspires confidence in clients and customers, as they feel more secure sharing their information with an organization, and also helps make applications and websites more stable by protecting them from external threats. Organizations holding customer data need to ensure their security to protect their customers from cyber-attacks.

Motives for cyber crimes include disrupting business continuity, data theft, manipulating stolen data, creating fear and chaos, achieving military objectives, demanding ransom, damaging reputation, and propagating religious or political beliefs. Some cyber crimes may be committed by script kiddies who hack for fun or to showcase their skills. There are three main pillars of cyber security: confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA). These pillars ensure that data remains confidential, trustworthy, and available at all times. Cyber security professionals are in high demand due to the increasing number of cyber threats. Leading cyber security firms like Palo Alto Networks and Cisco are actively seeking specialists in this field. Cyber security professionals can earn an average annual salary of $130,000 in the US and 7 lakh rupees in India.

6.EDGE COMPUTING
The advent of 5G Wireless technology and you have IOT technology coming into the picture these technologies have enabled Edge Computing faster processing because now you need a faster processor to make good decisions on time intelligence in hand.
Computing in pretty much every area between, which we know today and where we are using cloud computing. Edge computing came into the picture and is the driving force for this edge. computing technologies is the 5G network. because now you have all the speed is becoming so fast that the data processing can be done very quickly. Secondly, IoT * we have three different players in edge computing first is your cloud data center second is your edge gateway server and third, you see these blue logos on top of every system. These are edge client So what happens in edge computing is that there is a smart device or edge client device, which is installed on all these systems, which record all the different kind of data, which is being generated by these different devices. And then it processes that data. It has some sort of intelligence built-in within and it has some storage capacity as well it processes the data and then for higher workloads, it sends it to the nearby.

Edge computing brings the cloud closer to you, reducing latency and improving real-time processing. Companies like AWS and Microsoft are actively recruiting experts in edge computing. Professionals in this field can earn an average annual salary of $150,000 in the US and 12 lakh rupees in India.

7.QUANTUM COMPUTING
so quantum computers operate by studying and controlling the behavior of these particles which in a way completely is different from our regular computers or even supercomputers. It is an upgraded and powerful version of these computers but not exactly the next generation computers like bikes you cannot build a better
bike just by building and adding more and more cycles together although they both share almost the same
functioning. Quantum physics empowers quantum computers to handle operations at speeds that are orders of magnitude faster than traditional computers while using a fraction of the energy. Quantum computers aim to revolutionize future quantum technologies just like other transformations around the world. It has the potential to impact our lives in so many ways like our security needs, healthcare needs etc. For example it can be used to create private keys for encrypting messages from one location to another. Quantum computers are the future of our coming generations although it is still under research work. It is still taking over the technology and the business world companies like Google and Microsoft are competing to build quantum computing tools this progress could allow some of the benefits and insights of quantum computation to be realized long before the search for a large-scale error-corrected.

Quantum computers use qubits and can solve complex problems that classical computers cannot. Tech giants like IBM, Google, and Microsoft are actively seeking quantum computing experts. Professionals in this field can earn an average annual salary of $140,000 in the US and 12 lakh rupees in India.

8. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
AI is concerned with the development of computers able to engage in human-like thought processes such as learning, reasoning, and self-correction. AI is a broad field encompassing various technologies and applications, including machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, robotics, and more. AI is used in chatbots, self-driving cars, medical diagnosis, and more. Its programs can examine large numbers of possibilities, e.g. moves in a chess game or inferences by a theorem-proving program. Another reason to study AI is that these constructed intelligent entities are interesting and useful in their own right. Artificial Intelligence has produced many significant and impressive products even at the early stage of development. Virtually every major tech company, including Google and Facebook, is actively recruiting AI experts. AI professionals can earn an average annual salary of $160,000 in the US and 8 lakh rupees in India.

Learning and adapting to these technologies can open up incredible opportunities in the tech industry. Stay curious and keep learning!

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