How to Identify the Texas Indigo Snake

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The Texas Indigo Snake is a fairly large nonvenomous snake that can grow to be six feet long. However, this subspecies of the indigo snake has distinctive markings which are found on its head, neck, and back. As the name suggests, the subspecies are typically found in Texas and parts of Mexico.

The subspecies’ color can vary from dark brown with black markings to black overall. The Texas Indigo Snake can typically be identified by its red-to-black coloration, dark blotches, and the copper skin on the top of its head. Males are larger than females, averaging around 3 feet in length, but females are still quite large at about 2 feet long.

However, there are some identifying features that need to be considered together to help determine if you’re looking at a Texas Indigo Snake.

Texas Indigo Snakes are generally found in wooded, rocky areas. Indigo snakes are not aggressive but will strike if startled or provoked. They are considered among the most common of nonvenomous snakes. Males can grow to nearly 6 feet. Females are usually about half that size, but some reach 4 feet in length.

What is a Texas Indigo Snake?

A Texas Indigo Snake is a type of snake that can be found in the southern United States. They are not currently protected by the government and they can often be found in residential areas. A Texas Indigo Snake has a brown body with an oval-shaped head and they grow to be up to four feet long.

Texas Indigo Snakes are native to Texas and Mexico. They can be identified by their banded pattern, which has dark rings alternating with light ones, and by the white ring of scales around their neck.

How do I identify the Texas Indigo Snake? If you come across a snake and need to know what type it is, you should be able to identify the snake’s color and markings. Still, if you’re not sure about something, we recommend that you check with a local wildlife expert before approaching the animal.

The Appearance of a Texas Indigo Snake

The Texas Indigo Snake is a shiny black and blue-colored snake that grows to be about 3 feet long. They have a very thick body and it is usually seen in seclusion, especially under logs and rocks. It’s easy to identify because it has a distinctive spot pattern on the belly which also helps distinguish it from other snakes.

Texas indigo Snake

What does it eat?

The Texas Indigo Snake eats small mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and some insects. This snake is considered a predator because it kills its prey before consuming it.

How to Identify the Texas Indigo Snake

Texas indigo snakes are found in the central and eastern parts of Texas. They measure up to 50 inches in length, but the average size is about 24 inches. The coloration of these snakes varies, but most are brown with yellow stripes along the dorsal area of their body.

Species And Habitat

Texas indigo snakes are non-venomous and can grow up to four feet long. They make their home in the central, southwestern, and southeastern regions of Texas. Texas Indigo Snakes are classified as “threatened” by the U.S. Fish And Wildlife Service and conservation efforts for this species are ongoing.


The lifespan of an indigo snake varies depending on the species. The smallest species of indigo snake, the Louisiana black racer, typically has a lifespan of only two to three years. The largest species of indigo snake, the eastern indigo or northern indigo snakes, can live up to 20 years.


There is not much known about the venom of the Texas Indigo Snake. It is likely that it has a neurotoxic effect which is why people who are bitten experience dizziness, fainting, and respiratory problems.


When most people see a Texas Indigo Snake, they will try to catch it. This is a mistake because most Texas Indigo Snakes are docile and not a threat to humans. If you do happen to find one, leave it alone and admire it from a distance.

Conservation Status

Texas Indigo snakes are not the most common snake in the world, but they are found in various parts of Texas. They have brown or black stripes that run down their body with light-tan to yellow scales on their heads. The only known population of them is at Austin’s Onion Creek, where they live in some 200 acres of land.

How can I identify a Texas Indigo Snake in the wild?

The Texas Indigo Snake is usually dark blue, gray, or brown in color. The belly of the snake is usually white, yellow, or tan with dark brown to black blotches. The colors are not uniform and this makes them look like they are wearing camouflage. They don’t grow to be very big so they can easily fit into small spaces like underground pipes. This means you should always check your yard for any holes where it could be lurking.

How do I know if a Texas Indigo Snake is in my house or yard?

Listen for the rustling of leaves or grass that can be a sign that a Texas Indigo Snake is walking through these areas. Keep in mind that the snake may not always use a single area because it feeds on other animals, so if you hear this type of noise more than once, it may be a sign of a snake. If you spot a Texas Indigo Snake, stay calm and move slowly away from it.

Where to Find Them?

The Texas Indigo Snake sometimes called the Black and Blue Racer is a very aggressive snake. This snake will attack any animal that crosses its path and it’s even known to attack humans. You can find them in open fields or wooded areas.


A Texas Indigo snake is one of the more unique types of snakes in the world. They are relative newcomers relative to other North American species, but they have managed to make themselves at home in Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and even parts of Texas.

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