Texas Brown Snake: What You Need to Know 2023

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The Texas brown snake (Storeria dekayi texana) is a small, non-venomous snake that is native to the United States. It is also known as the DeKay’s brown snake or the DeKay’s snake. It is found in the southeastern United States, including Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi. The Texas brown snake is a small snake, typically growing to a length of only 8-12 inches (20-30 cm).

It is brown in color and has a smooth, shiny scale pattern. The snake is generally harmless to humans and is not considered a threat. It feeds on small invertebrates, such as worms and insects, and is often found in gardens and fields.

Texas brown snake is small, nonvenomous snakes that grow up to 48 inches long. They can live close to human populations and occasionally enter homes. The Texas brown snake’s diet includes rodents, birds, amphibians, and small lizards.

It shelters in a variety of places such as inside logs, underneath rocks or boards on the ground, or under debris piles. When threatened, a Texas brown snake may vibrate its tail against the ground to sound an alarm call for other Texas brown snakes in the area.

What is a brown snake?

The Texas brown snake is medium-sized with a length of 2.5 to 3.5 feet. It has a slender body and a slender, but very long, tail. It has a striped pattern on its back and usually has a grayish-brown or tan color. The snake has a pale underside.

It is likely that this species was overlooked by most existing experts because its coloration matches that of its closest relative, the spotted rattlesnake (Crotalus oreganus).

The name Texas brown snake (Storeria dekayi texana) refers to its coloration, which is very similar to the other brown snakes in North America.

Appearance and Behavior

The Texas brown snake is typically a nocturnal snake. In daytime, it is usually quite shy and seeks cover in moist areas such as logs and under rocks.

Where do brown snakes live

The Texas brown snake is found in all but the far westernmost areas of Texas. It is believed to have first been reported in this state in the early 1920s in Kenedy County, near the border with Mexico. It has been documented in only 2 counties in the state since.

This is despite the fact that it is widespread throughout other parts of its range. Its range extends from northeast California and southwest Oregon, through Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The Texas brown snake occupies desert and semi-arid environments.

Its preferred habitat is a combination of desert scrubland and light desert shrubland with rocky, open, or sandy soil. In warmer areas, it can be found living under boulders.

How big are brown snakes

Snakes’ sizes are relative to their body length. Brown snakes’ average length is 13 to 16 inches (33 to 38 cm). Their average diameter is 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 cm). These snakes are the second-longest snakes in North America and they grow up to 8 feet (2.4 m) long.


Brown snakes feed on fish and other small animals. They are diurnal, but they are often found resting or sunbathing during the heat of the day. Their camouflage camouflages them well, so they can be hard to find in shallow water, in which they spend the majority of their lives.


Brown snakes are primarily found in woodlands, swamps, wetlands, and other woodland habitats. They are nocturnal creatures and hunt during the day and are usually found in shady areas.

Texas Brown Snake

Brown snake size

Measuring up to 7-8 feet (2.2-2.4 m) in total length (including tail), the brown snake is the third-longest species of snake in North America.

It is widely distributed in the Southern United States and the western and central parts of Mexico.

Brown snake distribution

“Storeria dekayi texana” is found throughout the southeastern and central United States. In Mexico, it occurs in southern Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, San Luis Potosí) and the northern and eastern coasts of the Gulf of Mexico (Nuevo León, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, and Veracruz.

Why people should be afraid of Brown snakes

Females produce clutches of 1-4 eggs during summer. After hatching, they give birth to live young in the fall.

Should you be afraid of the Texas brown snake

The Texas brown snake, as its common name indicates, is a reddish-brown snake, which often looks like a thick, olive-colored caterpillar. It has a rattle but is not considered dangerous. The more common boomslang and rattlesnake are often more dangerous.

The Texas brown snake can be very territorial and will protect itself with a series of rattling sounds from the rattle. It is not aggressive but will bite if provoked.

It can reach lengths of 6 to 9 feet (1.8 to 2.7 m), but is usually around 5 feet (1.5 m) long.

The Texas brown snake is found in most of Texas and, to a lesser extent, in southwestern New Mexico, western Oklahoma, and northwestern Arizona.

Do brown snakes bite or hurt humans?

Nope. The venom of brown snakes is harmless to humans.

What are brown snakes good for?

Brown snakes are beneficial to humans and are not aggressive. If you see one, it’s likely that it has only ventured within 15 feet of you and is eating something from the ground (see photo above). A brown snake’s camouflage is excellent, making them easy to miss if you’re not looking for them.

What should I do if I see a brown snake?

If you see a brown snake, it’s likely not aggressive and probably eating something from the ground (check the photo above). If you think that the snake might be aggressive, you can keep your distance by putting your hands over your eyes and shouting “Fire!” or “Ptah!” (depending on your heritage) to scare the snake away.

Brown snake bites and what to do if bitten

Though Texas is a big state, this snake is found only in the southern half. It is particularly difficult to find in parts of the Hill Country, but the animals can be found throughout the region.

The brown snake is active during the night and takes refuge in darkness and holes in the ground.

Though snakes are generally not dangerous to humans, the Texas brown snake is venomous and venomous snakes are the most dangerous snakes. People can easily be bitten even in a harmless situation, such as when they brush against a snake that has been temporarily left alone.

What are the symptoms of a brown snake bite?

A brown snake bite can cause irritation to skin, eyes and the surrounding area. A brown snake bite can cause irritation to skin, eyes and the surrounding area.

Are brown snakes dangerous to humans?

This is one of the snake species that is often encountered and handled by recreational and schoolchildren in the United States and Canada. However, this does not mean that the snake is not dangerous. The “brown snake” species is venomous.

When the snake bites, it may administer a venom with high anticoagulant properties. It can cause life-threatening internal bleeding in humans, especially when it uses its fangs to deliver venom.

What are the symptoms of brown snake bite?

Warning Signs and Symptoms of Brown Snake Bites

Brown snake bites can range from mild to life-threatening. But most bites are characterized by:

severe pain in the bite area and swelling

flushed skin






The symptoms are caused by the snake’s venom.

Is Brown snake venomous?

The first known instance of its association with human beings was in Texas, on October 29, 1900. A gardener working at the Bandera Ranch found a very large brown snake in a water cistern. The snake bit the man, after which he, too, died.

Reports of brown snake bites have been reported in Texas, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, and Louisiana (all now being states) before the species was protected, under the Endangered Species Act in 1976.

An Alabama man in 1964 was reported to have been bitten after accidentally stepping on a snake while retrieving a shotgun barrel that had rolled into a drainage pipe. He survived, but another man shot and killed the snake.

Another fatality from brown snake bites occurred in Utah in 2008.

Can I keep a Texas brown snake as a pet?

No. Texas brown snakes are highly venomous and pose a serious threat to children and pets. This snake is illegal to own as a pet in Texas. This is a very important distinction, and the implication is that no one, including exotic pet dealers, ever should be selling these snakes in Texas.

What does a Texas brown snake look like?

The Texas brown snake is a small, slender snake. It has a light gray-green dorsum with a pale white vent. The top of its head is bright yellow. The snake is usually between five and nine inches long.

Do Texas brown snakes need to be kept as indoor pets?

Texas brown snakes need a lot of room and should never be kept in small cages. Because of the snakes’ small size, they can be kept in terrariums, but the environment should be well lit.


Storeria dekayi texana is a nonvenomous black-colored snake. It is endemic to Texas and the southern and eastern parts of Mexico. It occurs in dry, sandy hills and mountains and it is mostly harmless to humans. This snake can cause mild gastrointestinal discomfort if bitten.

#5. Yellow Dragon Snake (Aphaenogaster chloris):

The Yellow Dragon snake is found in the Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. It is an excellent climber and is known to spend much time foraging high in trees.

Final Verdict

Yellow dragon snake’s venom is also non-severe. It can cause gastrointestinal discomfort, swelling of the mouth and swelling of the gums. The symptoms appear two to four hours after the bite and disappear within four to eight hours.

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