Sumatran Short-Tail Python Care Guide & Species Profile

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The Sumatran Short-tail Python (Python curtus) is a non-venomous snake species native to Southeast Asia, specifically in Indonesia and Malaysia. It is known for its bright red coloration, stocky and muscular body, and short tail. They are relatively small compared to other python species, reaching an average size of 1.5-2 meters (5-6 feet) in length as adults.

These snakes are known to be ambush predators and will usually wait in the cover of dense vegetation for prey to pass by. They are constrictors, which means that they kill their prey by coiling around it and squeezing it until it stops breathing. They are not typically aggressive towards humans and will usually retreat if given the chance.

In captivity, the Short-Tail Python is known to be shy, but a generally docile animal that can be kept with proper care. They are sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity and require a well-maintained enclosure to thrive. They are also known to be quite demanding when it comes to feeding and will eat a variety of prey items such as rats, mice, chickens, and ducks.


The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a species of python that is native to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Specifically, it is found in the tropical forests of Sumatra and also adjacent islands. The species is known to occur in a variety of habitats, including rainforests, swamps, and lowland forests. This species is one of the many species of python that inhabit Southeast Asia, which is considered as a biodiversity hotspot for reptiles, specifically pythons.

Many Python species found in this region are poorly known and are still not yet discovered, which makes it an exciting area for future research on the evolution, ecology, and conservation of these animals.

Appearance And Behavior

The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a small to medium-sized species of python, typically growing to around 3-4 feet in length. It has a relatively short tail, as the name suggests, which makes it unique among other python species. The adults of this species have a black base color, with white or yellowish spots that are distributed all over the body, creating a distinct and interesting pattern.

This species is known for being relatively shy and not aggressive toward humans. They are also known to be excellent climbers, able to climb trees and other structures with ease. They are generally nocturnal and arboreal, spending most of their time in the trees.

In the wild, the diet of the Sumatran short-tailed python primarily includes small mammals, birds, and lizards. They are known to be constrictors, meaning that they kill their prey by wrapping their bodies around them and squeezing them until they suffocate. They are non-venomous snakes.

In captivity, they should be provided with an appropriate enclosure with branches and plants to climb and hide. also, they should be provided with a suitable thermal gradient. They can be fed with mice and rats of appropriate size, and will generally adapt well to captive life if provided with the correct environment and care. However, it should be kept in mind that this species is not commonly kept in captivity and there is not much information available about it. So, proper research is necessary before keeping it as a pet.

Sumatran Short-Tail Python Care Guide

Size And Lifespan

The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a small to medium-sized species of python, typically growing to around 3-4 feet in length. Although, records of it reaching up to 4-5 feet in some cases. Their size can vary depending on the population, habitat, and individual snake, but they are generally considered to be on the smaller side when compared to other python species such as the Burmese python or the reticulated python.

In terms of lifespan, the Sumatran short-tailed python is thought to have a lifespan of around 20 years or more in captivity, which is quite long compared to many other species of snakes. However, lifespan in wild is not well studied and it’s hard to provide an accurate number.

It should be noted that, as with any wild animal, the lifespan of the Sumatran short-tailed python can be influenced by a variety of factors, including diet, habitat, and disease, so it is difficult to provide an exact lifespan for this species.

It’s important to remember that, owning a snake of any kind, including a Sumatran short-tailed python, is a big responsibility that requires a significant commitment of time, money, and effort. It’s also important to consider the potential impact of keeping a wild animal in captivity and to provide the best care possible for the snake.


The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a non-venomous snake native to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. They are considered to be a relatively docile species, and as such, they can make great pets for experienced reptile keepers.

In captivity, these snakes are known to be relatively easy to handle and are not typically aggressive. However, like all snakes, they can become stressed and may bite if they feel threatened. To minimize the risk of being bitten, it’s important to handle your snake gently and with care and to avoid disturbing it while it is in its enclosure.

Sumatran short-tailed pythons usually have a more docile temperament than other python species, some of them are known to be more aggressive. Factors such as individual personality, Gender, and wild-caught vs captive-bred can greatly affect the temperament of the snake.

It’s also important to note that these snakes can grow quite large, so if you’re planning to keep one as a pet, you’ll need to have an appropriate enclosure that can accommodate its size. Additionally, you’ll need to provide a heat source and UV lighting to mimic the snake’s natural environment and make sure that the enclosure is kept clean and well-ventilated.

In general, Sumatran short-tailed pythons make great pets for experienced reptile keepers who are willing to provide them with the proper care and attention they need.

Housing Sumatran Short-tailed Python

The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a non-venomous snake species that is native to the tropical rainforests of Sumatra, Indonesia. They are relatively small snakes that typically grow to about 3-4 feet in length, and are known for their distinctive black-and-white pattern.

When it comes to housing a Sumatran short-tailed python, it’s important to provide a comfortable and appropriate enclosure for the snake to live in. Here are some key things to consider:

  • Size: Sumatran short-tailed pythons are small snakes, so they don’t require a large enclosure. A terrarium that is around 3 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 2 feet tall should be sufficient for an adult snake. However, if you plan to keep more than one snake in the same enclosure, you’ll need to provide a larger space.
  • Temperature: These snakes are native to tropical rainforests, so they require warm temperatures in order to thrive. The enclosure should be heated to a temperature range of 80-90°F, with a basking spot that reaches around 95°F.
  • Lighting: Sumatran short-tailed pythons require a 12-hour light and 12-hour dark cycle. UVB lighting is not required but can be beneficial for overall well-being.
  • Substrate: A suitable substrate for the enclosure can be coconut fiber or orchid bark, which will help to retain humidity and make the enclosure more comfortable for the snake.
  • Hides: Snakes need a place to hide, so provide at least one hide box in the enclosure. This will give the snake a sense of security and a place to retreat when it wants to be alone.
  • Water: Provide a dish of fresh water that is large enough for the snake to soak in. This will help to keep the enclosure humid and provide a drinking source.

It’s also important to keep the enclosure clean and to handle the snake gently and with care. With proper care and attention, a Sumatran short-tailed python can make a fascinating and rewarding pet.

Food And Water

The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a nonvenomous python species found in Sumatra and Borneo. In the wild, these snakes typically eat small mammals, such as rats and mice, as well as birds and lizards.

In captivity, Sumatran short-tailed pythons can be fed a diet of pre-killed or frozen-thawed mice or rats, as well as chicks or quail. Some keepers may also feed them smaller amounts of larger prey items, such as rabbits or guinea pigs, although this is less common. It is important to note that it is important to provide prey of appropriate size, to not overfeed, and to monitor the weight of the snake regularly.

As for water, it is important to provide fresh water to the Sumatran short-tailed python at all times, in a large enough dish that the snake can soak in if desired. It is also a good idea to mist the snake occasionally with water to help increase the humidity in the enclosure and keep the snake hydrated.

Do not hesitate to consult a veterinarian or experienced snake keeper if you have doubts or questions, and always supervise your snake when feeding, this is not only for its own safety but for yours as well.


The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a nonvenomous snake species that is native to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. These snakes are relatively small, typically growing to an adult size of around 4-5 feet in length. They are generally docile and make good pets, but as with all snakes, they should be handled with care and respect.

It’s important to remember that wild-caught animals should be avoided as they can have many health problems. Captive-bred animals are always a better option as they are healthier and more accustomed to human interaction. It’s also important to note that proper enclosure is a must. They should be provided with a suitable-sized enclosure, one that allows them to thermoregulate and have enough space to move around.

Before handling your python, it is important to make sure that it is in a calm and relaxed state. It’s best to avoid handling a snake immediately after it has eaten, as this can cause stress and could make the snake more likely to bite. Additionally, it’s important to approach the snake slowly and calmly and to avoid making sudden movements that might startle it.

When handling your python, it’s important to support the entire length of its body. Never pick up a snake by its tail, as this can damage its spine. Instead, use your dominant hand to support the snake’s body just behind its head, and use your other hand to support the rest of its body.

Common Health Issues

The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is generally considered to be a hardy and resilient species, but like all animals, they can be susceptible to certain health issues. Some common health issues that may affect this species include:

  • Respiratory infections: These can be caused by a variety of factors, such as high humidity, poor ventilation, or dirty living conditions. Signs of a respiratory infection include open-mouthed breathing, wheezing, or bubbling from the nose or mouth.
  • Parasites: Snakes can be prone to a variety of internal and external parasites, such as mites, ticks, or roundworms. These can cause a variety of symptoms, such as itching, weight loss, and diarrhea.
  • Metabolic bone disease: This is a condition caused by a lack of calcium or vitamin D3 in the snake’s diet. Symptoms include soft or brittle bones, tremors, and difficulty moving.
  • Obesity: Due to the tendency of people to overfeed or provide them with low-nutritional food items. It can lead to many health problems like difficulty moving, shortened lifespan, and more

It’s important to work with a veterinarian who has experience with reptiles to help you identify and treat any health issues that may arise. Regular health checkups, proper diet, and attention to enclosure conditions will help you to prevent any common health problems.


The Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus) is a relatively uncommon species in captivity, and as such, there is not a lot of information available on breeding them. However, based on the knowledge of breeding related Pythonidae species, here are the general steps that can be taken to breed them:

  • Housing and diet: Adult snakes should be kept in separate cages, and should be provided with a suitable diet and a thermal gradient that allows them to thermoregulate.
  • Brumation: Breeding typically takes place after a period of brumation (cooling down period) for about 2-3 months, which mimics the natural condition in the wild.
  • Introduction: When the female comes out of brumation and is in good condition, she should be introduced to the male. They should be observed for signs of breeding, such as courtship behavior or copulation.
  • Egg-laying: The female will lay a clutch of eggs, usually about 8-15 eggs, which should be removed from the cage and placed in an incubator.
  • Incubation: The eggs should be incubated at a temperature of around 83-86°F and humidity of 70-80%, for around 60-70 days.
  • Hatching: After the eggs hatch, the neonates can be raised in a separate enclosure, and should be provided with a suitable diet and an appropriate thermal gradient.

Keep in mind that breeding Pythonidae species is not easy and it requires experience, commitment, and proper knowledge of genetics, breeding, and husbandry. It’s always recommended to work with a veterinarian and a breeder who has experience with breeding pythons.

Choosing And Buying A Sumatran Short-tailed Python

If you’re interested in buying a Sumatran short-tailed python (Python curtus), there are a few things you should consider before making your purchase:

  • Look for a captive-bred animal: Captive-bred snakes are generally healthier and more accustomed to human interaction than wild-caught animals. They also have a higher survival rate after they are brought home.
  • Check the health of the animal: Look for signs of good health, such as clear eyes, a full-bodied appearance, and shiny skin. The snake should be alert and not lethargic.
  • Take a look at the enclosure: Take note of the conditions of the enclosure where the snake is being kept. it should be clean, and well-ventilated, and the snake should have enough room to move around.
  • Ask the seller about feeding and care: Ask the seller about what the snake has been eating, and get detailed information about how to care for it, including information about its enclosure, diet, and temperature requirements.
  • Set a budget: Be mindful of the cost of the snake as well as the cost of setup, including the enclosure, heating, lighting, and feeding.

It’s also important to find a reputable breeder or pet store. If possible, ask to speak with other customers or previous buyers of the store or breeder, as well as seeking advice from experienced reptile keepers or veterinarians.

Lastly, once you’ve purchased your python, you should take it to a veterinarian experienced with reptiles as soon as possible for a check-up to make sure that it is healthy and to have it treated for any potential health issues that you might have missed.


Hello, Friends! I'm Sunil Dhangar, Blogger, Affiliate Marketer, Content Writer & Youtuber I am trying to give you the best information and services through my websites.

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