Smooth Snake Species Profile: Habitat, Diet & Behavior

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A small, non-venomous, terrestrial snake belonging to the genus Coronella, the smooth snake (Coronella austriaca) also known as the European smooth snake or common smooth snake.

What is a smooth snake?

The smooth snake is a small slender species of snake that is common throughout much of Eurasia. They are typically found near meadows, marshes and ponds in temperate to boreal climates where they eat small mammals and amphibians. Their coloration ranges from dark brown to light brown with orange patches on the neck and tail. Smooth snakes are non-venomous. They don’t possess any fangs or venom glands and rely on constriction for prey capture.

Males have proportionately longer tails than females which are usually about 1/3 the length of their body. Mating season occurs between April and September, when males follow closely behind female who lay eggs up to six times each summer. Larger females may lay as many as 150 eggs during a single mating season.

Smooth Snake Care Guide

Where are smooth snakes found?

While the range of the smooth snake is not known for certain, it is found in many countries throughout Asia. These include but are not limited to: India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Pakistan. The climate of this region is tropical to warm temperate so they are primarily found near water sources such as rivers and streams. They are also often found near mangrove forests and estuaries because they like to live among vegetation with a thick canopy layer.

Their diet consists mainly of fish, frogs, crabs and other invertebrates that can be found close to water sources. Smooth snakes have strong jaws that allow them to break through crab shells easily while their small fangs make them harmless towards humans. They are known to be docile creatures that will only bite if provoked or threatened; they do not pose any real threat to humans unless stepped on or cornered.

How big do smooth snakes get?

On average, the size of this snake is about 24 to 36 inches long. The females grow slightly bigger than the males. The weight for a fully grown individual is about 3 pounds. Smooth snakes are not venomous and use constriction to subdue their prey. They eat mostly small mammals such as rats and shrews but also feed on birds and lizards. When they feel threatened, they will often roll over and play dead which has given them their common name dead-fanged.

The smooth snake can live up to 20 years in captivity and 18 years in the wild. It can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. In Europe it is mainly found in western countries like Portugal, Spain and France. In Asia it inhabits countries like India, China and Indonesia. In Africa it lives primarily in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia while in North America it thrives best in Canada. In South America its main habitats are Argentina, Brazil and Peru.

What does the smooth snake eat?

The diet of the smooth snake consists of small vertebrates and invertebrates. This species will consume rodents, lizards, amphibians, birds, and their eggs. They are also known to eat snakes in the wild as well as anything they can find. This includes frogs, fish, and other animals they find while they’re swimming across a body of water to try to get away from danger. Invertebrates make up about half of the total food intake for this species and include slugs, earthworms, spiders, and insects like caterpillars or beetles.

Smooth snakes have been observed eating these creatures on land or in trees by stalking them until they are close enough to strike at them with an open mouth. They’ll even go into holes where they know there is prey hiding. When it comes to hunting, size doesn’t matter because if they can get hold of it then they’ll be able to swallow it whole and not worry about chewing it first.

When it comes to taking down prey, the smooth snake has its own special technique which is called rounding. It starts by coiling around the animal’s neck so that when it squeezes tight, there’s no room left for air.

Are there any special care requirements for this species?

The Smooth Snake is a non-venomous species which prefers to live on the ground. They have the ability to detach their tail when in danger and often use it as a lure.

Since the Smooth Snake has no venom or teeth, it preys on other smaller snakes and lizards by flipping them over and eating them from the ventral side. It also hunts for small mammals like mice and voles. It eats using its jaws rather than injecting prey with digestive enzymes as many constrictors do. For this reason, they can go without food for long periods of time but must feed regularly to avoid starvation.

When they are not hunting, they are likely sunning themselves or resting underneath objects like rocks or leaves. They can be found throughout Europe and Asia, although populations are declining due to habitat loss.

The Smooth Snake’s head is triangular shaped with a pointy snout that allows it to smell potential prey from far away. Its tongue flicks out rapidly to catch insects like flies. Like all snakes, the Smooth Snake does not have ears but does sense vibrations in the earth through pressure receptors called pits located on its body.

Are there similar species to this one in your collection?

No. This is the only species we have with these specific traits. The smooth snake prefers to live in a variety of habitats from dry to moist. It has a varied diet and can often be found hiding under stones or logs during the day and hunting at night for frogs, toads, lizards, small mammals and other small reptiles. They are known to inject venom through their fangs when they bite, which may cause swelling, pain and dizziness in humans.

They also give birth to live young who are born outside of the body. If you see one in your yard, leave it alone! These snakes do not like to be handled and will release a foul smelling odor if disturbed. A good way to identify them is by the dark line on top of their head that extends down past the eye and stops before reaching the jaw. They are brownish-gray with dark spots along their back and sides, but sometimes they can appear lighter depending on where they live.

How can I identify a smooth snake?

A smooth snake is typically brown or dark green in color with a yellow or light-colored belly. They also have a round head and three rows of scales on the back of their heads. On average, these snakes are about 2 to 3 feet long, but they can grow up to 4 feet in length. They range from 13 inches to 38 inches in total length and usually weigh around 1 to 3 pounds. Smooth snakes live throughout North America as well as Central America, Europe, and Asia.

These nocturnal creatures spend most of their time under rocks or logs during the day and come out at night to hunt for food. Their diet consists mainly of frogs, lizards, mice, birds, small fish and invertebrates such as spiders. Smooth snakes do not attack people, however it is recommended that you stay away from them if you see one because of the risk of getting bitten. If this happens, seek medical attention immediately.

Do you keep this species as a pet?

I do not. I don’t keep any pet snakes. The smooth snake is one of the most popular types of snakes to keep as a pet because they are large and they’re easy to handle. They eat small animals such as frogs, salamanders, lizards and mice in the wild but when kept as pets they often only eat dead food or frozen rodents so you won’t have to worry about feeding them live prey if you decide to get one for your own home! When threatened, this species will coil up into a tight spiral.

They also secrete an oily substance that makes it difficult for predators to hold on. If disturbed during the day, these snakes prefer to hide under logs or rocks instead of biting their attacker. In fact, these snakes rarely bite unless provoked because they need their teeth in order to help swallow their prey whole; once these teeth are gone they can no longer feed themselves and would eventually starve to death.

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