Today in this article we are going to talk about Saw-Scaled viper. Saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus ) is a venomous snake in India, whose bite kills many people every year. This snake is counted among the 4 most venomous snakes in India.
Saw-scaled vipers come out on rainy days. These snakes are small in appearance but are very poisonous. Hardly anyone can survive on their bite if treatment is not given on time.
Today we will talk about this snake whose name is Saw-scaled Viper and we will know about it in detail.
Saw-scaled vipers are small in size, their size is mostly more than 35 inches and their smallest size is at least 12 inches.
Their head is small and broad. Their eyes are big and a line is seen in the eyes. Shapes like wheat grains are made on the body. They are chocolatey, brown, and yellow in color.
Saw scaled is found in Africa, Middle East, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan.
Saw Scaled Viper This species warns its opponent in a special way. It makes its body in the shape of a coil and makes a sound by rubbing it and warns its opponent not to come close and even if it does not work, then it attacks with lightning speed.
This snake is very aggressive and attacks immediately. It is found more in mountainous areas and hot places.
These snakes mainly feed on frogs, toads, reptiles, small mammals, birds, spiders, scorpions, centipedes, solifugids, locusts, beetles, worms, slugs, etc.
Saw-scaled viper does not lay eggs, it directly lays children.
Saw-scaled vipers contain 4 types of toxins: neurotoxins, cardiotoxins, cytotoxins, and hemotoxins. Most of the incidents of bites of this snake occur during the night when it is more active.
The bite of this snake can make you a victim of consumption coagulopathy and defibrination which lasts for several days or weeks. Bleeding also occurs in the body due to the bite of this snake.
It releases a large amount of poison into the body of the victim. We have about 2 hours after its bite, if treatment is not found in the meantime then death is certain.
What is the Saw-Scaled Viper?
The Saw-Scaled Viper is a venomous pit viper species found in south and central Mexico. Despite its name, the snake does not have scales, but a thin scaly pattern. Its body is short and cylindrical, and it grows to a maximum length of 4 feet.
The snake’s coloration ranges from a very pale tan, to olive-grey, to a deep brown. The Viper’s horn-like eyes are ringed in black, and it has a hooked beak. It feeds primarily on small mammals, birds, and lizards, and are found in a variety of habitats throughout the desert regions of Mexico.
The viper is very common and relatively easy to spot, often found along roadways, in abandoned barns, in grassy patches, and among prickly shrubs. The Saw-Scaled Viper can also be found living in rock crevices and under log piles.
Where is it found?
The Southeast Asian species has a widespread distribution in Indo-China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia. Interestingly, the woodlands of eastern Cambodia are a habitat for the species, which is protected in that area.
How big is it? The head of this snake averages three to four inches in length. The total length is about 20 inches, but some specimens reach a length of more than 30 inches, like one recently taken in Cambodia.
How fast does it move? About 40 mph, according to footage. What does it eat? Like most other vipers, the saw-scaled viper specializes in small animals (mostly insects), and the occasional small rodent. Its diet also includes amphibians, such as frogs and salamanders.
Why is it so deadly?
The venom of the saw-scaled viper is a cocktail of toxins, each one quickly shutting down the victim’s muscles. The first neurotoxin–usually referred to as antivenom-producing–inhibits electrical signaling in the nervous system, sending the signals for muscle contractions underground.
The second toxin, myotoxins, damage the skeletal muscles, causing them to tighten like a violin string. The venom also contains toxins that cause the blood to clog (hemotoxins), interfere with the blood clotting system (parotoxins), and cause paralysis and tingling (melinotoxins).
The last toxin (the hematotoxin) blocks the transmission of the blood to the rest of the body (hypotoxins). Most venomous snakes possess a mix of these toxins, but the saw-scaled viper produces only the myotoxins and parotoxins.
How can you spot one in the wild?
Look for the characteristic hornlike projections that extend from the head and body. The snakes, which are found throughout the New World, are also distinguished by an acutely pointed head.
What is its natural habitat like? If you live in the United States, you’ve likely seen the snakes in which it resides. The subspecies, E. c. miniatus, is found from southern Canada to central Mexico, including the Great Plains, the Southwest, and northern coastal regions.
And if you live in Central America, the species’ distribution is more limited, extending from Honduras to northern Costa Rica. The snakes feed primarily on mice, other small mammals, lizards, and amphibians, and they often locate their prey by scent. How can you help protect yourself from one?
Is this snake venomous?
In all likelihood, no. The only confirmed documented deaths caused by this snake are those of two farmers who were bitten while clearing its slithering timber. How poisonous is it? It’s a powerful, but not especially potent, venom.
It can seriously injure you, but isn’t likely to cause death if a large enough dose is administered quickly. How fast is it? It’s not especially fast, in general, but it’s a fast-moving snake.
What are the symptoms? It’s not immediately clear, but most bites usually cause pain, swelling, and local numbness around the bite. You may develop a rash or a discoloration in the area, and in rarer cases you can develop a rash on the chest, neck, and/or face.
What do I do if I get bitten by this snake?
We have treated thousands of patients for this particular snake bite over the years and at Island Surgical. We recommend you be seen by your own doctor, especially if you experience sudden swelling, pain, or difficulty breathing. And, of course, it’s a good idea to get your anti-venom medication before your appointment as well.
If you can, have your doctor make you a proper patient antibiotic as well. You can take the following precautions if you get bit by the saw-scaled viper: Avoid distressing the bite area.
Do not rub it or apply heat. Do not change your socks. Avoid putting anything like toilet paper on the area. Do not rub it or apply heat. Do not change your socks. Avoid putting anything like toilet paper on the area. Clean and cover the bite area.
Get to a hospital as soon as possible!
No other snakes are known to be capable of killing as many people in one bite. The venom’s paralysis means patients usually don’t realize they’re being bitten until it’s too late. To reduce your chance of becoming a victim, remember that most snake bites are completely painless and don’t cause symptoms.
Visit this page to see a sample of the venom the snake is capable of producing, along with some other cool facts about the Saw-Scaled Viper and other snakes that belong to the Viperidae family.
2. White-Tailed Deer Tick: The Giant Killer! White-tailed deer ticks, also known as “Black-legged ticks,” are responsible for more human deaths than any other tick. If you think it’s all over, white-tailed deer ticks can live up to a month.
So there you have it, my list of the 10 deadliest snakes in the world. And now, to quote the great poet Ernest Hemingway, “I feel perfectly all right with a little bit of fear.
For More Detail Click here