The monocled cobra is a very beautiful snake that is found throughout South and Southeast Asia. They have an O-shaped monocled hood pattern on the back of their hood.
young monocled cobras can be brown, yellow, brown, or black, they have a black spot on the underside of the hood on either side and a single tummy on the back. or two black cross-bars.
The rest of the abdomen is usually the same color as the back, but lighter. With age, the snake turns yellow, with the adult brown or olive in color.
Monocled cobras are found from India in the west to China, Vietnam, and Cambodia. These snakes are also found on the Malay Peninsula and are native to Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, Nepal, and Thailand.
These cobras prefer to live near watery places, such as paddy fields, swamps, grasslands, bushes and can also be found in forests. They are also found on agricultural land and in human settlements including cities.
Continents – Asia
Subcontinents – South Asia, Southeast Asia
Countries – Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Cambodia, Laos, India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, Nepal, Viet Nan
Lifestyle and Behavior
Monocled cobras can live both on land and in water. These snakes live in wet places around rice fields and in the holes of trees. These snakes prefer to be alone and are more active in the evening.
They are often found in tree trunks and areas where there is an abundance of rodents. When disturbed, the monocled cobra spreads its hood and hisses and tries to bite again and again. The monocled cobra also has the ability to spit venom.
This snake is very aggressive like a king cobra. and tries to bite again and again when he feels threatened.
Monocled Cobra Diet
A monocled cobra is a carnivorous animal. It has mainly been observed eating rats, frogs, eggs, other snakes, and occasionally fish.
These snakes meet between January and March. Their meeting time ranges from 55 to 73 days. In which the female lays from 16 to 33 eggs.
How To Identify a Monocled Cobra
Just like all cobras, monocled cobras are territorial and will resist attempts at capture and confining them. However, if kept from the wild, monocled cobras, while they may attempt to constrict a human, rarely bite.
The species are known for their unnatural fear of water, though they are capable of swimming. How to Identify a Plain Cobra: There are several cryptic species of cobra which include, but are not limited to, Bengal, Common, and Indian cobras.
Each of these snakes has a distinctive pattern on their nuchal region and body and they all have a unique call. In general, it is easier to differentiate an Indian cobra from a plain/broad hooded Cobra than it is from a Bengal cobra.
What is the difference between a monocled cobra and an Indian cobra?
A monocled cobra’s hood has a singular concave portion above the eye, whereas the Indian cobra’s hood has a double concave portion above the eye. A monocled cobra’s eye is distinct from the mandibular eye, which is deeper in structure and thus visually distinguishable.
A monocled cobra’s face has a pale pink blotch on the back of its neck and the cheeks. However, in an Indian cobra, the blotch is white. A monocled cobra’s tongue is transparent, whereas in an Indian cobra it is flesh coloured.
A monocled cobra has a finer scale along the back than in an Indian cobra. Monocled cobras have a sharp, dark rostral scale, while the Indian cobra has a flat, faint rostral scale. Monocled cobras have well-developed loreal pits.
In the case of the monocled cobra, however, the expansion occurs in the front, not the rear. Why the Monocled Cobra Lacks Nuchal Ribs: Nuchal ribs are typically found on snakes of the genera Indian cobra and Asian watersnake.
Monocled cobras have a special type of skull, which may act as a stopping force preventing the nuchal ribs from extending. Why the Monocled Cobra Has Monocled Hood: Monocled cobras do not have nuchal ribs, which would have restricted the expansion of the hood.
This is possible because their skull has a large space at the front to provide room for the expanding hood. Nuchal ribs help widen the anterior of the hood by pushing it down while expanding the neck.
What color is a monocled cobra?
The color of the monocled cobra’s hood varies with age and coloration. In some instances, monocled cobras can have a green, brown, or tan color on their hood, with a dark band along the back, and white “eyespots” on the rear of the hood.
What is the lifespan of a monocled cobra? The lifespan of a monocled cobra ranges from eight to twelve years in captivity. Is monocled cobra poisonous? Monocled cobras are not considered poisonous to people, however, if they do bite a person, the venom is quite toxic and may cause swelling, bruising, numbness, nausea, vomiting, and kidney failure.
If the toxins do not spread beyond the bite site, the victim may survive the initial bite. What is the taxonomy of the monocled cobra?
The monocled cobra’s hood is also formed by transverse folds, which vary in color from golden-brown to black, and its main diagnostic feature is a single upward rising ridge in the middle of the sub-orbital margin, which is visible above or behind the eyes.
The monocled cobra is extremely stout in the middle of its body and has a broad, tapered head with a small, prominent muzzle and large eyes. Its nostrils are placed on the upper surface of the upper jaw, rather than under the lower jaw, as in most cobras, and set near the edge of the upper surface of the upper jaw.
Young cobras have a high head and relatively short snout with a protuberant mouth; the upper lip forms a hood over the jaw. The eye is small, while the nostril is covered with a skin fold or “hood”.
How can you identify a monocled cobra?
The best way to identify a monocled cobra is to first observe the pattern on its head. The pattern, which consists of vertically elongated ocelli (an accessory eyelid) connected by a curved line, resembles that of a cobra.
The monocled cobra, like all cobras, has a powerful venomous bite, but unlike a cobra, the monocled cobra has no nuchal ribs, making it much less intimidating.
There are three sub-species: M.m.n. heterotoma, Florida and Cuba M.m.m.n. morgani, Brazil M.m.m.n. natalensis, South Africa How to Avoid a Monocled Cobra Monocled cobras, like all snakes, are nonvenomous.
Only the Indian cobras have venom glands. Therefore, it is safe to approach and even pet any type of snake, including the monocled cobra.
Another distinguishing feature is the diamond shape on the nasal scales. The dorsal scales are very large and strong and are arranged in bands that run from behind the eyes to the base of the tail.
Cobras often have a distinctive “toe peel” or hollow spine, which expands into a venom sac when necessary. It is used for defense during a bite and to draw the victim’s attention. The venom used by the monocled cobra contains two families of toxins that can be fatal, the common (SBV) and the severe (SBV2) form, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control.
Experts say that most bites are the mildest form of monocled cobra bite, which causes pain and swelling, but usually not harm. If you are bitten by a monocled cobra, be sure to seek medical attention immediately.
What are the dangers of handling a monocled cobra?
Unlike some other species of snakes, monocled cobras can spit, or exude their venom. Why do they kill so many people in the Bay Area? Monocled cobras were brought to California as pets and released into the wild by their owners.
Unlike other cobras, monocled cobras can tolerate high temperatures. These reptiles can travel over 70 miles per hour, and because they are non-poisonous and not aggressive, they are attracted to areas with inadequate animal control or where people feed them.
They can climb over six feet up a tree in only six minutes. Their aggressive response to a perceived threat could indicate they are stressed and ready to strike. If cornered, they are dangerous and may attack. Because of their size and striking ability, they have been known to kill their predators.
Some of the individuals with the “cobra eyes” in their hood are monocled cobras. Their hoods may look like a cobra’s eyes, hence the common name, “cobra eyes”. These individuals have big eyes, but the eyes are not opaque or fused together.
The individual has only one eye with a dark pupil, which is positioned behind the center of the monocle. This monocled cobra’s hood is white in color with a thin dark line extending from the nuchal groove to the anterior of the hood.
Their eyes are yellow or gold-colored. The larger of the two eyes in the monocled cobra is oriented forward. However, the monocled cobra’s mouth is small, and it does not open widely. This is why it’s not a threat to small children or anyone who looks cute.
What should you do if you encounter a monocled cobra?
When faced with a potential monocled cobra, the natural response is to back away slowly, remaining indoors. If you have direct exposure to the cobra, move indoors as quickly as possible.
Avoid confrontation by remaining at a distance. By moving away, you may not appear as a threat to the snake. A less-than-threatening posture may allow the snake to gauge your reaction and alter its behavior.
Do not walk towards the cobra, run, climb, jump, or stoop over. Any physical contact with the cobra should be immediately stopped. Any amount of physical contact with the cobra should be immediately stopped. Keep your distance and do not step in any area where a snake could have emerged from.
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