The Hognose Snake: A Guide to the Snake You Should Never Fear

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In this article, we will briefly talk about 3 species of Hognose Snake, Eastern Hognose Snake, Western Hognose Snake, and Southern Hognose Snake.

There are 3 species of This snake, which are mildly toxic venomous and belong to the colubrid family. It is found in North America. They got this name for their upturned snout. Which this snake uses for digging.

It is a harmless snake native to North America. When they feel threatened, they flatten their head and neck and whisper loudly. It doesn’t bite. But if this bluff of theirs fails, then it sticks out its tongue and turns upside down, and starts pretending to die.

Eastern Hognose Snake

Eastern hognose snake
Eastern Hognose Snake

This snake is found in the sandy and dry areas of North America. It is a member of the Colubrid family. These snakes are found in colors like Red, Orange, Yellow, Black, Green, Brown, etc. The lower part of this snake is found in gray and creamy yellow.

It is also found in albinos. An albino, the animal becomes completely white due to genetic deficiency, which looks completely different from other animals. This snake is active in the daytime.

This snake gets its energy from sunlight. It is a venomous snake whose bite is sure to kill humans. But the specialty of this snake is that it becomes inactive after finding itself in danger.

When he finds himself safe, then again he returns to his normal state. This quality of this snake makes it completely different from other snakes.

Like other snakes, it is a carnivorous snake that eats frogs, lizards, turtles, eggs, rats, and other small creatures. Its meeting period is in the months of April and May. In which the female lays from 10 to 40 eggs. And after 6 to 8 weeks, snake babies come out of them.

It can be up to 28 inches. Females are larger than males. Their life span is up to 12 years and if they are well taken care of, they can live up to 18 years.

Western Hognose Snake

Western hognose snake
Western Hognose Snake

It is a species of venomous snake that is a member of the family Colubridae. These snake species are found in North America. It looks copy of a rattlesnake.

Western hognose snake is known in North America as Texas rooter, Texas hognose snake, Spreadhead snake, Spoonbill snake, Prairie hognose snake, Plain’s hognose snake, Bluffer, Faux viper, Bluffer, blow snake, etc.

It is found throughout the United States from southern Canada to northern Mexico. This snake often prefers to live in areas with barren and sandy soils such as river floodplains, prairies, scrub, and grasslands, including semi-agricultural areas and semi-deserts. The Western Hognose Snake also has been found at altitudes up to 2,500 m.

This snake is mainly diurnal. It is generally a docile snake When it feels threatened, it tries to make itself look like a cobra. If that doesn’t work, it pretends to die. When they feel safe then They back to their original position.

In the forest, This snake hunts amphibians such as toads, tree frogs, and lizards. There have been some cases of this snake that snake does not eat anything between January and March.

These snakes have been observed in copulation in February and early March. This species is oviparous in which females lay between 4 and 23 eggs in the months of June and August. It takes almost 60 days for hatching.

Southern Hognose Snake

Southern hognose snake
Southern Hognose Snake

Heterodon simus, known as the Southern hognose snake, is a species of harmless snake native to the southeastern United States. It currently has no subspecies.

The length of adult snakes of this species ranges from 35.5 to 61 cm. The left neck is thick and has black spots all over the body.

Its color pattern is brown, yellow, light brown, or reddish-brown. which is overlaid with a distinct line of dark spots that alternate with smaller spots at the edges.

In juveniles, the belly is much darker than the tail. As the snake ages, the underside becomes slightly white.

Heterodon simus is found in dry river floodplains, dry and open sandy areas, fields, and wiregrass Flatwoods.

Snakes of this species are found in the coastal plain of the southeastern United States from North Carolina to Lake Okeechobee in Florida and west to Mississippi.

Snakes of this species mainly prey on frogs, toads, spadefoot, and lizards. It is an oviparous species. Adult snakes mate from April to August. In which the female lays up to 6-14 eggs. The hatching process is complete in 55 to 60 days.

How to identify the different types of Hognose snakes?

The most common way to tell the difference between several Hognose snake species is by examining the shape and size of their snouts. A comb-like crest is on the top of the head, and a horizontal line runs along the center of the back of the head.

The genus Salpingoecus is usually found near water bodies in southern parts of Africa. The genus Calotes is found in woodlands, the central plains, and savannas of Africa. Its snouts are rounder than those of other Hognose snakes.

The genus Erythrosuris is found in forest areas. Their snouts are triangular, and unlike other species of Hognose snakes, they are regularly aligned.

Where are Hognose snakes found? Hognose snakes are common in all of Africa except for the arid regions of Somalia and Eritrea.

What makes a Hognose snake unique?

They have upturned snouts which have the following functional advantages. They do not curl upwards when they are trying to look out to the side.

They do not coil towards their mouth when trying to smell, which is the typical position of snakes that are afraid of humans. They do not coil towards their mouth when they are trying to bite.

Why do Hognose snakes fear humans? Snakebites are usually inflicted by poisonous, large snakes or those that are generally not very afraid of people. Hognose snakes are usually small and rarely grow much larger than several inches.

The typical snake is so thin that their bones protrude through the skin. Their skeletal systems are not as strong or as resilient as that of larger snakes, which may explain their fear of humans.


Not being able to predict the future is both a blessing and a curse. On the one hand, you can’t play chicken with a speeding train. On the other, you can ignore a snake as long as you’re not being attacked by one.

As long as you’re following basic safety rules, snake bites are extremely unlikely. But here’s the thing: What if they’re not? Even so-called “bad snake bites” don’t have to kill you or even leave you with severe symptoms.

Most will cause localized pain, and some don’t even cause a blister. The truly dangerous bites are from snakes that can slither inside your body or even bite you in more than one place.

For this reason, if you see a snake, let him go. Have you been bitten by a snake? tell me in comment

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