Florida Snakes: The Most Commonly Encountered Snake Species

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There are about 46 species of snakes found in Florida, out of which 6 species are such that are venomous whose bite can kill humans. Today we will talk about Florida snakes in detail in this article.

What are the 6 venomous species?

• Black Rat Snake (both western and eastern, Florida Keys): Is only poisonous to you!

• Cottonmouth (Western): Commonly called water moccasin, can have similar effects to a rattlesnake and is considered extremely dangerous.

• Copperhead (Eastern): Much less common than the cottonmouth, but much more deadly and large, capable of fatally squeezing a person.

• Water Moccasin (Both Western and Eastern): Commonly known as the eastern black snake and dusky water snake, as they are present on both coasts, but mostly found in the U.S. south and west.

• Rattlesnake (Both Western and Eastern): Known as “brown widow”, while some may be harmless or see as less dangerous than other venomous snakes, the chances of an actual human being bitten by a rattlesnake are extremely rare.

Where can you find them?

All of Florida’s snakes are non-venomous (non-venomous means that the snake does not produce venom or contains toxins that can be deadly to people, pets, or other reptiles).

The most common snakes found in Florida are copperheads, rattlesnakes, cottonmouths, and coral snakes. They are all classified as non-venomous, but some will have poisonous glands that are occasionally found in their skin.

Photo Courtesy of All4Pets Is this snake venomous? No, this snake is not venomous. The “venomous snake” label that Florida Snakes: The Most Commonly Encountered Venomous/Non-Venomous Species! has earned is a media label.

Photo Courtesy of U.S. Navy What is venom? Venom is a powerful neurotoxin produced by snakes. An additional venom is produced by different forms of their body.

How to avoid the most common snake bite

If you encounter a snake in the wild, pick up your feet and stay calm. The most common injuries from a snake bite are nerve pain, muscle cramps, and bleeding in the skin, often in the trunk and extremities.

Swallowing the venomous portion of the snakebite causes mild inflammation of the mouth, difficulty swallowing and vomiting. When the venom has been cleared, the venomous portion has almost no impact on the patient.

Dr. Jon E. Corey, MD is a board-certified emergency medicine physician who treats snake bites and works as an educator for the American Red Cross. He is a frequent writer and host of “Real Docs,” a weekly medical podcast.

What do I do if I get bitten by a snake?

As we saw earlier, there are no poisonous snakes in Florida. Regardless of whether you get bitten by a venomous or non-venomous snake, always seek immediate medical attention. Do not attempt to remove the venom from the bite or move it.

This is very dangerous to the patient and potentially harmful to the environment, as the venomous snake could bite other people and move into a new area.

Snakebite treatment involves cooling of the bitten area with fresh, cool water, proper intravenous administration of antivenom, and supportive care. Some of the most common symptoms include difficulty breathing, fever, nausea, muscle weakness, dizziness, and excruciating pain.

What should I do if a venomous snakebite me? If you do get bitten by a venomous snake, seek immediate medical attention.

What are the characteristics of venomous snakes?

All venomous snakes are found in Florida. As with other snakes, venomous snakes have scales and venom. All venomous snakes are venomous, but several species are more venomous than others.

Some snakes are more venomous than others, even if they are from the same species. Venom is produced by glands in the snake’s body. Venom is most potent when a snake is dehydrated.

Venom can vary based on the temperature of the environment. Some venomous snakes tend to deliver more venom than others, so being aware of the type of snake that you find in the Florida environment is important.

What are the most common species found in Florida? The most common venomous snake found in Florida is the rattlesnake. There is also an alternate form of the snake, the timber rattlesnake.

What are some local snake species?

Several areas of Florida offer snake spotting opportunities for tourists. In central Florida, many snakes in the state have green or yellow bellies. Each year, schools take field trips to a local park and teach the public how to identify a snake’s skin pattern.

Snakes of most other colors do not match the species, so you should try to see the snake itself, rather than its skin pattern. If the snake is slithering in the grass, it’s probably not poisonous.

In some areas, the natives can be found on vegetation, but in most areas, these snakes hide in the sand, in tree holes, or under rocks.

Is Florida the only state in the U.S. with snakes? No, snakes live in all 50 states. So, it’s quite unlikely you’ll see a snake in your backyard.

How do snakes hunt?

In North America, snakes hunt primarily by stealth. Snakes catch their prey in an ambush using their impressive eyesight. Some snakes will stalk their prey, while others will wait for their prey to get close.

Then, the snake will strike. A snake might strike when it feels a creature it thinks is prey, but sometimes they strike after catching a scent or sensing vibrations. Snakes may then retreat into cover and wait until the threat has passed.

Once a snake has preyed on its prey, the snake uses its jaws and fangs to squeeze out its dinner. Snakes will crush their prey with their powerful jaws, crush their prey with their powerful fangs, or squeeze out their prey with their powerful muscles. Once a snake has extracted all of its meal, it will slowly swallow its prey.

What does Florida law say about snakes?

Florida law (CS/SB 85) makes venomous snakes illegal in Florida except under special permits. This law carries consequences: a $500 fine and/or up-to 30 days in jail for anyone who kills a venomous snake without a permit.

If a venomous snake is reported to the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, DATCP, a permit is issued for a $75 fee. However, be aware that it is still illegal to capture a venomous snake unless you have a permit.

What should I do if I am bitten by a venomous snake? As soon as you are aware that you have been bitten by a venomous snake, it is important to call your doctor and EMS. Do not get the animal’s venom into your body.

There are certain steps to take in order to reduce your chances of spreading the snake venom: Put ice on the area.

Is it illegal to kill or harass a snake in Florida?

Yes. State law prohibits certain actions, like harming a snake or disturbing it in a public area. Each county in Florida has a specifically named law that protects native snakes.

How can I safely remove a snake from my property? The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) recommends that all snake removal be done by a licensed professional.

Here are some good reasons why: Snake identification requires special training and experience. Snakes are hard to spot in the grass and trees on your property. A snake slithering across your lawn, sidewalk or path is difficult to detect when walking or driving by.

Snakes can run up to 60 mph! Swift action, carefully observing, and removal will be in the best interest of everyone’s safety.

Are there any exceptions to the law against killing snakes in Florida?

Not in Florida. We do have a few species of rattlesnake in the state, but unless they are considered to be a public safety threat, they are protected by state law. Rattlesnakes are considered a threatened species in Florida.

Do they have venomous snakebites? Yes. It is estimated that one out of every 10,000 to 50,000 bites by a Florida snake will result in death, and in the most common case of Florida snakebite, the victim receives a huge dose of antivenin.

In the event of a death due to snakebite, snake-bite cases are investigated and investigated to determine the cause of death. What is the life cycle of a snake in Florida? Snakes begin their lives in the late spring when they come from the water or the mud and mature over the summer and into the fall.


Most species of venomous snakes are very rarely dangerous to humans. However, bites from all venomous snakes are considered life-threatening and can potentially be fatal. In any circumstance, always seek medical treatment for any venomous snakebite.

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and UF/IFAS Extension should be contacted for any questions regarding venomous snakes in Florida.

We encourage you to visit FloridaSnakes.com to learn more about Florida Snakes, find information on venomous snakes in Florida, and more!

Some snakebites are extremely painful and others are not, but you should always seek medical attention. The best response is prevention – keep your pets and yourself safe by avoiding possible snakebites and seeking medical attention in the case of any bites.

A Spanish Mastiff on our property in Caledonia, Florida was bitten by a rattlesnake recently. At first, the dog seemed fine, but soon after began showing severe signs of an allergic reaction.

Within minutes of the bite, the dog’s blood pressure dropped drastically, he started sweating profusely and had difficulty breathing. By the time we were able to get the dog into the car, he was in shock and unable to use his back legs.

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