The Dragon Snake: What You Need to Know About This Snake

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Dragon snake is a special animal that has scales like a dragon and body of a snake. They are usually found in the rivers and seas near the water. Dragon snakes are loved by many people for their beauty and uniqueness.

Dragon snakes live in both water and on land. They are usually the size of a garden hose, but sometimes they can grow to over 3 feet long. Dragon snakes have a color that ranges from light gray to brown or black, with darker stripes running down their back.

They also have a pointed snout, which helps them live in water as well as on land. On land, dragon snakes hunt for small animals like lizards and frogs. When hunting in water, it’s easier for them to catch fish because they use their tongue-flicking technique.

What are Dragon Snake?

Dragon snake are large, non-venomous snakes found in Asia (typically Asian countries like China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma, Indonesia). They are usually found near water.

The dragon snake’s head is orange with yellow stripes which means they have a warning coloration to scare off predators. They can grow up to eight feet long and live for about five years.

Dragon snakes live in trees or on the ground. They will eat fish, frogs, mice, and other small mammals. Dragon Snake are not dangerous to humans unless you are bitten by them many times.

So if you ever see one of these guys hang around your area just remember it is only trying to protect itself by being scary looking!

Xenodermus javanicus, or Dragon Snake, is a small non-venomous, semi-fossorial Colubrid snake belonging to the monotypic genus Xenodermus. It is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore.

It is only found in lowland forests and swampy fields, where it often lurks near the water’s edge. X. javanicus is only occasionally encountered as a bycatch of trawling and beachcombing vessels.

This dragon snake is hardy and fast. This species is not known to have any major predators in its native range.

Xenodermus javanicus are thought to be closely related to four species of closely related Asian dragonsnakes (X. subungulatus, X. khasiat, X. peninsularis, and X. tabates): X. subungulatus, which is found in India and Thailand; X.

Dragon Snake

Where do Dragon Snake live?

X. javanicus prefers to live near water bodies (such as creeks, lakes, and slow-moving rivers) and swamp areas, where it is most active at night. They also have been observed in primary rain forests and mangrove forest.

Although their activity levels vary depending on the location, they are usually most active around night, and so active that people are more likely to encounter them.

How do you find them?

They are typically found in and around water. Unfortunately, when not hibernating, the juveniles are very active. They frequently swim and stick to deeper areas of waterways.

X. javanicus requires an abundant water supply and such large water bodies may be limiting their distribution. Large rivers, as well as swamps, are some of their favorite habitat.

How do they eat?

Much like other Colubrids, X. javanicus feeds primarily on smaller animals. They often kill their prey by wrapping it around their bodies and preventing it from moving. Once full, they’ll rest near the carcass until they’re full once again. This can take up to a week.

Why are they so bright yellow?

Habitat destruction and predation are the primary reasons why X. javanicus are currently endangered. Habitat loss due to deforestation and agriculture are the primary threats to their survival.

The Dragon Snake is nocturnal, meaning that during the day they move away from the hot sun, and they will often hide in dense brush or a hole until night. At night, they venture out of the burrow to search for food.

Why are they yellow?

Despite their dark brownish-black color, X.

What are their threats?

X. javanicus is known to occur in many of Indonesia’s southern islands, including Komodo Island and Lombok. The majority of their habitat is nocturnal and therefore they are poorly studied.

They are also territorial, so the threat of predation tends to be highest near human dwellings, where people may take frogs and fish from the surrounding waters.

In fact, there has been an increase in their capture, often leading to bites, by fishers and explorers. However, so far, there have been no documented fatal human bites.

Have they been studied before?

No, not to any great extent, although they have been closely studied for their unique defense mechanism.

What is unique about Dragon Snake?

Xenodermus javanicus are unique amongst snakes because they contain a dorsal row of enlarged ventral scale rows (called a “descending cataleptarchenium”) which they deploy to defend themselves when alarmed.

Additionally, X. javanicus have a highly-stiffened body to the point that it can stop their movements and make them appear motionless.

How are they found?

X. javanicus is found in the island of Java and Indonesia. They are uncommon, and usually found on banks and roadsides near streams.

How can I tell them apart from other Colubrid snakes?

This is where their strange defense mechanism comes into play.

How do they reproduce?

Births occur through fossorial (underground) labor and females typically lay up to two clutches (one after the other) in March and April.

Hatchlings measure just under three inches at birth and it is believed that young X. javanicus remain in their mother’s mouth or coils until they are ready to be on their own.

Identification of this species

The specific name, javanicus, is in honor of its origin: the Indonesian island of Java, where it was first described in 1891. Though it is most frequently found on the island of Java, this colubrid is also common in Sumatra, Borneo, and parts of the Philippines.

In Indonesia, it is classified as Least Concern by the IUCN. However, in some parts of Borneo, the World Conservation Union (IUCN) recognizes it as an Endangered species.


There is no need to be alarmed by the presence of a Dragon Snake near your home and we encourage you to take measures to avoid any direct contact with the snake. If the snake is spotted, please remain calm and do not try to capture or handle the snake yourself.

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