Bull Snake: What You Need To Know About This Reptile

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The bull snake is covered in yellowish-brown, gray, or black, leathery scales. Their heads and dorsal sections are marked by two or three black bars; however, the remainder of their bodies are banded with white.

Each scale is 15-30 mm in length, with each having three shallow ridges. The bullsnake is dark gray above and white below. Diet The bullsnake’s diet includes rodents, insects, frogs, and small reptiles.

They usually eat several times a day, sometimes eating up to 100 mice a night. The bullsnake lives and hunts primarily in savanna and woodlands, where it lives close to the ground.

It typically hides under leaf litter, rocks, logs, and other leaf litter, but may also sun itself on the ground and occasionally climb a tree.

Bull Snake Behavior

The bull snake is not a terrestrial snake but will climb steep slopes to get away from predators. Like many snakes, it is a master of camouflage, blending into its surroundings with its unique light green/grey/brown pattern.

Unlike many snakes, the bullsnake often remains still and does not react when disturbed. However, this is not an indication of a lack of aggression or fear of humans.

The bullsnake has been known to strike at a human, sometimes leaping or snapping at the person’s finger. These snakes are fast-moving and therefore a careless humans can find themselves in a life-threatening situation.

Please take care when handling these snakes. Habitat The bullsnake lives throughout most of North America, except the southwestern parts.

Bull Snake Diet

It is a generalist feeder, preying on mice, rats, frogs, snakes, and birds. They also eat large insects, frogs, and salamanders. It has been observed eating dead animals.

The bull snake is capable of climbing trees and rolling down hills, hence can sometimes be seen wandering around in parks and homes. They are solitary animals. It is the main nocturnal species in the United States.

However, it will sometimes be found day hunting during warm months and during winter hibernation, it may be found basking on warm rocks. This behavior is believed to be a way of increasing heat intake.

However, the color of the bullsnake’s coloration has been shown to change depending on the light or weather. Reproduction and Development The mating season starts in April and continues through September.

Bull Snake Reproduction

The bull snake is a territorial, solitary snake that breeds in cool or mild weather. It will lay 20-30 eggs into mud or an empidonium. The bullsnake uses the aforementioned empidonium for its eggs to hatch and as a camouflage between the mother and the newly hatched babies.

Advantages The bullsnake has a reputation of being a fast-reproducing snake, reaching sexual maturity at 4 years of age. The bullsnake is an excellent hunter and often feeds on birds, lizards, mice, and frogs. It is fast, aggressive, but not aggressive.

The bullsnake is a good swimmer and can be found in open fields or along fences, gardens, and areas with rocky soils. Disadvantages The bullsnake is not a fan of change in its habitat and typically leaves its empidonium empty.

Bull Snake Threats

Bull snakes are considered important members of their ecosystems, and are often found in open grassland habitats. When used for rattlesnake control, the bullsnake is the best option when it comes to keeping rattlesnakes out of habitats where they have established themselves.

Food The bullsnake feeds on almost anything that is slithering, crawling, or creeping. An adult bullsnake has been known to eat grasshoppers, crickets, mice, rats, chipmunks, snakes, lizards, and even rattlesnakes.

It will sometimes feed on earthworms and grubs. However, for the most part, its prey tends to be small and contains less than six inches of the rib cage. The bullsnake also doesn’t have a strong preference for particular types of prey.

What is a Bull Snake?

Bull snake can grow up to 8 feet long. It has a dark brown or black color that fades to brown. They are about 8 feet long in their longest dimension, but their size increases after they mature. They are commonly found along waterways.

They are one of the most common Non-venomous snakes in the Western U.S. They can strike at a distance of up to 15 feet. Bull Snakes are also known as American Snakes. They are found in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina.

Where do they live?

Texas is home to a number of subspecies of black-headed, and one subspecies of a copperhead, both of which can be found in East Texas. As the name “bull snake” suggests, these snakes have a thick body that can grow to be 6 feet in length.

They are found primarily in desert areas and other wetlands. One of the few places they are not common is in the far north and far west of the state.

However, there is a population of bull snakes that is semi-abundant in some of the central and southern counties of the state.

What do they eat? Bull snakes are mostly carnivorous, taking a variety of small mammals, such as mice, squirrels, chipmunks, and rabbits.

They also prey on lizards, snakes, birds, frogs, and other small mammals. Their venom is mildly toxic to humans. How are they dangerous?

How big are they?

Smaller than their relative, the cottonmouth. Average sizes are about 8 inches long, with some reaching over a foot. What’s their diet like? Bull snakes feed primarily on small rodents and small reptiles.

They will readily prey on small snakes but will become more threatening if threatened. It is rare to find a viper that cannot swallow an Eastern hognose snake. Where are they found? Bull snakes are found in wooded areas throughout the eastern U.S. and Canada.

In most places, they are fairly common throughout the year but are often very hard to find when nesting or during the early spring and late fall when they are preparing their dens.

What do they eat?

Largemouth bass, Tennessee crayfish, salamanders, rats, mice, and small cats. Where do they live? Along stream banks and wooded areas near water.

Are they dangerous? Bull snakes have a powerful bite, but are usually not aggressive, although they are potentially dangerous if handled. Why are they often seen in the same areas as land mines?

Bull snakes are the prey to some snakes, including rattlesnakes, are often attracted to the same areas that rattlesnakes inhabit, like the weedy areas where snakes are disturbed from.

Unlike rattlesnakes, bull snakes are more timid creatures and tend to avoid human contact. There are, however, two species of bull snakes that do tend to shy away from humans, the burrowing bull snake, and the common eastern bull snake.

How to protect from a Bull Snake bite

This snake is unique in its tendency to dig underground instead of seeking cover in trees. If you encounter a Bull Snake, retreat and don’t try to pick it up. Once it gets the idea that you’re not an enemy, it will quickly relax and not attempt to bite you.

If you do try to grab it, it might bite you, but it will generally only inject its venom into you if you hold on firmly. What to do if you’re bitten Most bites occur when someone unknowingly, or even intentionally, handles the snake.

They are highly venomous, though typically not as poisonous as a rattlesnake. (D. phippsii bites have generally been reported to be less venomous than a rattlesnake.

This may be due to the fact that when they are confronted, they usually run off, whereas a rattlesnake will usually bite and retreat.


As you may know, this species of snake may be venomous but for its size and soft mouth, it may not be strong enough to have any venom. This fact is common knowledge to most snake enthusiasts and preps.

The bull snake’s venom is only used for its own survival and defense. If you see the snake, try to approach it from the back instead of from the side. If it can’t move, the snake will continue to bite you even if you have been bitten a couple of times.

If you are bitten, stay calm and place your finger on the snake’s mouth to ‘force the venom out of the snake’s mouth.’ Usually, this snake will let go and soon after, bite you back. Do not let the snake loose or let it go and get hurt.

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